Substance abuse and addiction in America is a growing epidemic, with 3 in 4 Americans suffering from alcohol abuse, 1 in 3 Americans abusing illicit drugs, and 1 in 9 abusing both illicit drugs and alcohol.1 The rates of mental illness are just as staggering, with 8.2 million people having both a substance use disorder and a mental illness in 2016.2
In order to provide high-quality drug detox and rehab programming, it’s important to understand the needs and substance abuse trends plaguing people across the nation. In this blog, we’ll take a brief look at the types of substance abuse that are most prevalent in the United States and the life-threatening effects this abuse has on addicted individuals.
Drug Overdoses in the United States
Many people who are addicted and dependent on illicit or prescription drugs suffer drug overdoses as a result of their substance abuse. Drug overdoses can be accidental or intentional, and they happen when a person takes more than the recommended dosage of a prescription drug. An overdose may also occur when a person consumes an illicit drug (or combination of illicit drugs) to get high, but their metabolism cannot detoxify the drug fast enough.3
More than 64,000 Americans died from drug overdoses in 2016 and the majority of them involved opioids.4 In 2016:
- 20,145 drug overdose deaths involved synthetic opioids other than methadone
- 15,446 drug overdose deaths involved heroin
- 14,427 drug overdose deaths involved natural and semi-synthetic opioids
- 10,619 drug overdose deaths involved cocaine
- 7,663 drug overdose deaths involved methamphetamine
- 3,314 drug overdose deaths involved methadone
Alcohol Abuse in the United States
Alcohol abuse continues to be a leading cause of death in the U.S., despite the fact that these deaths are all completely preventable.5 A recent study published in JAMA Psychiatry found that 1 in 8 Americans struggles with alcohol abuse, raising serious concerns about our country’s attitudes concerning alcohol consumption.6
Even teens and young adults are not immune to the effects of alcohol abuse. About 20 percent of college students in America meet the criteria for AUD and 623,000 adolescents ages 12 to 17 had alcohol use disorder in 2015.5
Unfortunately, the effects of alcohol abuse in the U.S. extend far beyond just the individual health consequences. More than 10 percent of children in America live with a parent who abuses alcohol and many of them suffer extreme neglect as well as emotional and sexual abuse as a result.5 This may also increase their own risk for addiction in the future as well.
The economic burden of alcohol addiction in America is also very high and cost our nation an estimated $249 billion in 2010. The majority of this cost is related to binge drinking.5
Although alcohol continues to be the most commonly abused addictive substance in the United States, many people never receive the treatment they need.7 Despite the common belief that quitting “cold turkey” is one of the best ways to beat alcohol addiction, it can actually be very dangerous. The withdrawal effects of alcohol addiction can be extremely uncomfortable, painful, and even deadly, so alcohol detox should always be completed in a medically-monitored environment like a detox center. Quitting alcohol with the assistance of a medically-trained staff will also improve the likelihood that a person will stay sober after completing detox.
Illicit Drug Abuse in the United States
Marijuana is the most commonly abused illicit drug in the U.S., with 13.9% of Americans (37.6 million people) ages 12 using it.8,9 Although opinions on the dangers of marijuana use vary in different regions across the country, other illicit drugs that are universally known to cause severe physical, mental, and emotional damage are still abused quite heavily in the U.S.
- 0.5 percent of Americans (1.4 million people) ages 12 and older use methamphetamines.9
- 0.4 percent of Americans (948,000 people) ages 12 and older use heroin.9
- 1.9 percent of Americans (5.1 million people) ages 12 and older use cocaine.9
- 1.8 percent of Americans (4.9 million people) ages 12 and older use hallucinogens.9
- 0.6 percent of Americans (1.7 million people) ages 12 and older use inhalants.9
Prescription Drug Abuse in the United States
The opioid crisis in America is largely driven by prescription opioid misuse. For example, did you know that on an average day more than 650,000 opioid prescriptions are dispensed and 3,900 people are abusing prescription opioids?10 Many of the people who end up addicted to prescription opioids and other drugs don’t intentionally start out that way but may find the pleasurable effects of the drugs to be powerfully motivating for continued use.
Long-term use of prescription opioid drugs is typically not recommended because it can lead to dependence and addiction. In some instances, addiction to prescription opioid medications can even lead to more dangerous illicit drug use. In fact, four in five (80 percent) new heroin users started out misusing prescription painkillers.11
Additionally, prescription drug abuse in America extends beyond just opioid abuse. Here are a few startling statistics regarding prescription drug abuse in the U.S.
- 6.9% of Americans (18.7 million people) ages 12 and older abuse prescription drugs.9
- Deaths attributed to benzodiazepines increased 5-fold from 1999 to 2009.12
- 58% of drug-related suicide attempts in 2006 involved the use of benzodiazepines.13
- 53% of prescription drug abusers get their drugs from a friend or relative for free.14
- Prescription opioid abuse costs the nation $55 billion in health and social costs each year.15
The Ongoing Opioid Crisis In the United States
The ongoing opioid crisis has cost the U.S. $1 trillion since 2001 and it has cost Americans even more in regards to our health and wellness, with 115 Americans dying every day from opioid overdose.16,17
About 4.4 percent of the total population (11.8 million Americans) misused opioids in the past year.9 In addition, from 2002 to 2015 there was a 2.8 fold increase in the total number of deaths involving opioids drugs, and from 2002 to 2015 there was a 6.2-fold increase in the total number of deaths involving heroin, further emphasizing the need for a nationwide solution.18
The increasing abuse of illicit opioid drugs such as heroin, fentanyl, and carfentanil are also causing major concerns as overdoses caused by these drugs continue to claim the lives of Americans.
Ongoing debates about the cause of this crisis continue, citing the overprescribing of prescription opioids by doctors, a lack of prescription opioid regulation, and various other causes for concern.
The Trump administration declared the national opioid crisis a public health emergency back in October of 2017, but many lawmakers and politicians are calling for bolder action to combat the opioid abuse in America.19
Drug Detox and Addiction Treatment for Addicted People in America
Despite the growing concerns and startling statistics surround substance abuse in America, many addicted people still don’t get the drug and alcohol detox and addiction treatment services they need to recover fully.
Of the many reasons cited for not receiving addiction treatment, most people who needed treatment yet did not receive it, said it was due to the following reasons:20
- They were not ready to stop using drugs.
- They couldn’t afford treatment.
- They worried about it negatively affecting their job.
- They were worried about what others would think of them.
- They didn’t know where to go for treatment.
- They could not find a program with the type of treatment they needed.
Of those who did receive addiction treatment in the past year, most individuals with a substance use disorder received treatment for alcohol abuse.
- 2.0 million adults (55.4%) received treatment for alcohol use in the past year.21
- 692,000 (19.4%) adults received treatment for the misuse of prescription pain relievers in the past year.21
- 663,000 (18.5%) adults received treatment for marijuana use in the past year.21
- 636,000 (17.8%) adults received treatment for heroin use in the past year.21
- 500,000 (14%) adults received treatment for cocaine use in the past year.21
- 396,000 (11.1%) adults received treatment for methamphetamine use in the past year.21
If you or a loved one is in need of addiction treatment, Briarwood Detox Center can help get you started on the road to recovery with medically-assisted drug and alcohol detox programs. Call our detox center today to learn more about our individualized programs and insurance coverage options.